by Anthony Weaver

27 September 2022

UNGA, New York: The ITU/UNESCO Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development has ratified the first
multi-stakeholder study aimed at creating practical tools and actions that could enable nearly 3 billion more people
to access and use the internet through a smartphone by 2030.
Around a third of the global population still cannot or do not access the internet1
. The adoption gap for mobile
internet – which arises when individuals do not use the internet even when there is mobile network coverage in an
area – is now over seven times larger than the coverage gap globally and is even larger in South Asia, sub-Saharan
Africa and the Middle East and North Africa2
A Broadband Commission Working Group on Smartphone Access was co-chaired by Nick Read, CEO of Vodafone
Group, Houlin Zhao, Secretary General of the ITU and Heidi Schroderus-Fox/ Rabab Fatima, UN High Representatives
for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UNOHRLLS). The Working Group also included representatives from the governments of Benin and Ghana.
The report, ‘Strategies Towards Universal Smartphone Access’, found that limited affordability and availability of
smartphones, along with low consumer confidence, in part due to a lack of basic digital skills, are limiting internet

The report, which took a year to research and write, identifies three interventions that will have the most immediate
impact on smartphone adoption:

• increased use by telecom operators of flexible device financing models;
• reduced taxes and import duties; and
• improved distribution models to make smartphones more accessible to rural communities.
Alongside these measures the report recommends further investigation into the use of device subsidies and the reuse of pre-owned smartphones.

The Broadband Commission will create taskforces to complete a five point action plan resulting from its findings:
(i) initiate win-win partnerships with players across the digital value chain;
(ii) improve recycling regulation and develop quality standards for pre-owned smartphones;
(iii) develop strategies for recycling of mid- and low-tier devices;
(iv) explore the use of Universal Service Funds and other government subsidies; and
(v) further explore the economic benefits of reducing tax and import duties on smartphones.

Nick Read, the CEO of Vodafone Group said: “Access to the internet, and smartphones, are critical enablers of jobs,
education, healthcare, financial services and much more. We need focused partnerships between business,
government and civil society to drive smartphone adoption, through the five actions we have identified, to ensure
we enable the transformative benefits of internet adoption for billions of people.”
Houlin Zhao, Secretary General of the ITU, said: “Thanks to the collaborative efforts of all members of the Working
Group, this report moves the conversation forward by providing detailed case studies on initiatives implemented
globally to address the challenges in providing affordable broadband and smartphone access. This report is just the
first step. For the next phase, I would like to invite you to join us to implement the recommended initiatives and the
five-point action plan to reduce the device gap for the underserved communities globally, as we move towards
building a more inclusive, equitable and sustainable world.”

Rabab Fatima, UN High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and
Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS), said: “Only 45% of adults in emerging economies currently own a
smartphone, compared to 76% in advanced economies.3 Women are also significantly less likely than men to own a
smartphone and use the mobile internet if they live in low and middle income countries. Smartphones are not just
consumer goods: they are accelerators for learning, connection and economic activity. But with the cost of a
smartphone exceeding 70% of the average monthly income of people living in low and middle income countries4
enabling access and use to the internet must now become a policy priority for the international community.”
The Working Group also included representatives from: America Móvil; the government of Benin; the Food and
Agriculture Organisation of the UN; the government of Ghana; the GSMA; the International Trade Centre; Intelsat;
the International Science Technology and Innovation Centre for South-South Cooperation (ITC); Millicom; Smart
Africa; ZTE; and the World Wide Web Foundation. The lead author of the report was Professor Christopher Yoo, John
H. Chestnut Professor of Law, Communication, and Computer & Information Science at the University of
Pennsylvania. The report included research from the GSMA, ITU and 19 structured expert interviews, as well as
insights from focus groups of entrepreneurs convened by the ITC, and extensive desk research.

The strategies for smartphone adoption build upon the Partner2Connect Digital Coalition which was launched
earlier this year by the ITU, in close cooperation with the Office of the Secretary-General’s Envoy on Technology.
Partner2Connect is a multistakeholder alliance to foster meaningful connectivity and digital transformation
globally, with a focus on (but not limited to) the hardest- to-connect communities. The coalition has so far had 428
pledges with an estimated financial value of US$26.06billion (€26.04billion). Pioneer pledges include Vodafone,
through its main African business Vodacom, which will invest US$190 million (€190 million) over the next five years
to increase 4G population coverage to an additional 80 million people in Africa.

The full report is available at: https://www.broadbandcommission.org/download/5913

  1. ITU: Measuring digital development: Facts and Figures 2022 (forthcoming).
  2. GSMA: Accelerating affordable smartphone ownership in emerging markets.
  3. Pew Research Center: Smartphone ownership is growing rapidly around the world, but not always equally.
  4. A4AI: Affordability Report 2021.

    About Vodafone
    Unique in its scale as the largest pan-European and African technology communications company, Vodafone
    transforms the way we live and work through its innovation, technology, connectivity, platforms, products and
    Vodafone operates mobile and fixed networks in 21 countries, and partners with mobile networks in 47 more. As of
    30 June 2022, we had over 300m mobile customers, more than 28m fixed broadband customers and 22m TV
    customers. Vodafone is a world leader in the Internet of Things (IoT), connecting around 160m devices and
    We have revolutionised fintech in Africa through M-Pesa, which celebrates its 15th anniversary in 2022. It is the
    region’s largest fintech platform, providing access to financial services for more than 50m people in a secure,
    affordable and convenient way.
    Our purpose is to connect for a better future by using technology to improve lives, digitalise critical sectors and
    enable inclusive and sustainable digital societies.

    We are committed to reducing our environmental impact to reach net zero emissions across our full value chain by
    2040, while helping our customers reduce their own carbon emissions by 350m tonnes by 2030. We are driving
    action to reduce device waste and achieve our target to reuse, resell or recycle 100% of our network waste.
    We believe in the power of connectivity and digital services to improve society and economies, partnering with
    governments to digitalise healthcare, education and agriculture and create cleaner, safer cities. Our products and
    services support the digitalisation of businesses, particularly small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
    Our inclusion for all strategy seeks to ensure no-one is left behind through access to connectivity, digital skills and
    creating relevant products and services such as access to education, healthcare and finance. We are also committed
    to developing a diverse and inclusive workforce that reflects the customers and societies we serve.
    For more information, please visit www.vodafone.com, follow us on Twitter at @VodafoneGroup or connect with us
    on LinkedIn at www.linkedin.com/company/vodafone.

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