The commercial roll out of 5G is now under way. But simply put, 5G is not just another G. It’s a complete ecosystem change in the way networks are run and managed, including how applications run on the network. There are three main use case groups in 5G:
Enhanced Mobile Broadband, or EMBB
Fixed Wireless Access which uses millimeter wave spectrum
Fiber, where the most common use is cable for our home broadband.
Other, emerging use case groups include massive machine type communication, or MTC. This is where the connectivity and density of 5G really comes into play.
MTC enables the connectivity of a huge number of devices –millions, billions of devices in fact, all of which are connected. Although they’re more likely to send very low data rates, the number of devices, and their long battery life means they can open the doors to brand new industrial use cases. For example, monitoring, farming, agriculture, transportation, automotive, smart cities, and healthcare could all transform thanks to MTC. It’s all about connecting human expertise to a huge number of connected sensors for faster, more efficient insights.
Another emerging technology is ultra-reliable, low latency communications, or URLLC. This is where 5G shines. Use cases with URLLC can deliver very low latencies, down to one millisecond, which is a perfect solution for mission-critical use cases – from vehicle to vehicle, remote diagnostics, or remote surgery.
How is AI involved in 5G?
When it comes to 5G networks, AI is no longer a nice to have, but a must-have component to tackle the tremendous complexity that comes with 5G. AI – along with the data and automation capabilities that come with it – supports the diverse ecosystem of evolving networks in a way that humans alone are unable to manage.
The expectations of 5G are high due to its potential to transform industries. Service providers expect high performance, low latency, throughput and availability that 5G promises. As a result, the ability to operate 5G networks will need to speed up – in fact, the development of high-level operational capabilities like zero-touch and self-healing networks are already in the works to meet this growing demand.